Conscious sedation dentistry is a procedure in which sedatives are administered before a procedure to help a patient to relax and keep himself away from anxiety. This is one of the newest forms of dentistry and it helps patients who are afraid of dental procedures. This is quite helpful for patients who are overtly anxious and also children who are mostly afraid of visiting a dentist. It has been found that millions of people suffer from dental phobias which keep them from visiting a dentist.
For such people, local anaesthesia is not sufficient because it just numbs the pain but does little to help them steer clear of fear and anxiety. Hence conscious sedation is the preferred treatment of choice of many dentists these days. Conscious sedation dentistry is most commonly called a sleep dentistry .But many people claim that they stayed awake during the procedure. The different types of sedation dentistry available are
Light sedation – In this process, patients are usually able to relax with the sedatives given. But they remain alert and awake during the procedure. Moderation sedation makes people to feel groggy even though they are wide awake during the procedure. Usually patients do not remember anything after the procedure and even a slight slur in their speech can be noticed. During the course of this procedure, some people even fall asleep but they can be woken up easily.
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas is the first course of treatment in conscious sedation dentistry. As the gas is inhaled by the patient, he begins to perceive very less pain and can even feel joyful at times. This process is simple and does not require any time for recovery, Once the procedure is completed, the effects of the gas wears off. In case of oral sedation, a mild oral medication is offered to the patient which can help him to remain calm. IV sedation, another procedure used in conscious sedation dentistry requires a longer recovery time and hence is rarely used.